Łączna liczba wyświetleń

wtorek, 8 czerwca 2010

Symbol

Some T-34 tanks in the people's democracies were installed as memorials of war. Monument Tank T-34/85 in Karl-Marx-Stadt (Chemnitz), was the target of the 1980 bombing that caused minor damage to the vehicle and killing the nearby windows. Josef Kneifel assassin was sentenced to life imprisonment in Bautzen. He was released after the agreement with the government of West Germany in 1987.
After German reunification in 1990 the tank was transferred to a museum in Ingolstadt.


Another tank, placed on top of the monument to Soviet tank in Prague, has been the subject of serious controversy.
The monument, also known locally as "The Holy Tank," was intended to issue T-34/85 tank sergeant Gonczarenki IG, the first Soviet vehicle that drove into Prague in May 1945. For many in Prague tank was the memory of the Soviet invasion that ended the Prague Spring in 1968. The vehicle was painted by the artist David Cerny in 1991.
After an official protest of the Russian government Cerny was arrested, and the tank was imposed official green paint.
Following public demonstrations vehicle repainted in pink with the approval of the fifteen members of parliament.
Eventually the tank was removed from public view and transferred to a military museum.

Another T-34 painted in a pink tank is located on a street of Nelson Mandela in London.





















In the popular television series Four Tank Men and a Dog on the novel by Janusz Przymanowskiego heroes just used a T-34 102 named Rudy, who later became one of the icons of Polish national culture. (This is a topic for a separate post)

The ongoing political crisis for months, centered around a scandal in the office of Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány (2006), reached the peak during the official fiftieth anniversary of the Hungarian revolution of 1956.
The protesters managed to run an unarmed tank T-34, which was part of an exhibition of memory and used it in riots against the police. The tank lost fuel at a few hundred meters, and directing him not caused any injuries among the people

poniedziałek, 7 czerwca 2010

Revolutionary Tank (vid)

I need not remind you that T-34 and all of its versions is the most innovative, modern and effective during World War II.
Instead of reading can be tempted to watch. I recommend.

niedziela, 6 czerwca 2010

Combat Effectiveness parts. III

TURRET
Loader also had a difficult job because of the lack of a platform tower (the rotating floor that moves up when the tower turns). This problem was encountered in many other tanks, for example, the U.S. M3 Stuart. The floor of the tower T-34 was a small ammunition stored in metal boxes hidden under the rubber mat. There were nine rounds of ammunition ready, packed the stands at the side of the fighting compartment. Once these initial nine rounds were fired during the fight, the crew had to pull extra ammunition from the chest on the floor, which thus became littered with the open boxes and matting. It dispersed the crew and decreased performance.

OTHER FACTORS
Other key factors, the impact force weakening T-34 on the battlefield were not trained command,
resin armor and combat tactics
Fast training of crews.
This was a consequence of the communist purges among the group of Soviet officers in the late 30th Twentieth century
Execution officers
NCO and
trained personnel contributed to a catastrophic disaster the Red Army in 1941.
Many crews joining the battle with only basic military training and a history of 72-hour trained.
These problems accumulate over not ergonomic structure and T-34
no radio station in the early phase of the war, which practically prevented the coordination of armored units during combat.
German tank corps discovered that Soviet armored forces attacked in rigid formations and gaining a small advantage on the ground.
In the years 1943-1944 significantly reduced problems in the training of Soviet crews, but by the end of the war Germany had a better trained tankmen.

Combat effectiveness part II

MISSION CREW
T-34 tank was not ergonomic, despite some improvements during the war.
All versions of the guns of up to 76 mm tankmen very hindered because of the narrow double tower system.
Visibility in the battlefield commander was poor.
Opening to the outside hatch enforces on him watching the battle through a single crack in a visual and a periscope.
It also had to serve an additional function - the gunner.
In contrast, most contemporary American and German medium tanks, had much better for the triple towers
commander,
gunner and
loader.
Layout of three judges allowed the tower tank commander to concentrate on proving his crew and coordinating its activities with the rest of his body, without coercion targeting separate tasks.
This was of great importance for the effectiveness of the crew.
Designers T-34/85 repaired a problem that was recognized before the war.
Many German commanders liked to raise the seat in the tank and behind the hatch to observe the battlefield. In versions of T-34 equipped with a working 76 mm it was impossible.
T-34/85 tank tower with a dome that allows commanders to multilateral vision.

Visibility from the driver's seat was poor. Narrow scope of vision adversely influenced his tactical ability.

sobota, 5 czerwca 2010

Combat Effectiveness

Combat effectiveness of T-34 can be assessed in relation to hardware factors, namely
armor,
force fire (destruction) and
mobility,
and factors affecting the comfort of the crew, such as
convenience of the crew,
vision devices,
planning tasks of the crew, etc.
In the production of T-34 has placed greater emphasis on hardware.

Armor
In 1941, a thick, sloping armor T-34 constituted an obstacle to an anti-whole German army, with the exception of 88 mm towed guns.
From mid-1942 T-34 became susceptible to damage from the improved German tanks, and so remained until the end of the war.
His armor was similar or better than comparable tanks, such as the U.S. M4 Sherman and the German Panzer IV.

Firepower
In terms of destruction of force, 76-millimeter has a T-34 anti-tank ammunition could easily penetrate any German vehicle from 1941.
This shot also has devastating explosives.

In 1943, he has 76 mm could not pierce the front armor Panthers and was not comparable to 75 mm long and 88 mm Panther Tiger. The introduction of the Soviet 85 mm working in 1944, it did not do T-34/85 tank similar in the strength of destruction, but "eighty five" could have a sufficient distance to break both Panther and Tiger.


MOBILITY
In terms of mobility,
broad gauge track T-34,
good suspension and
big engine
He gave an extraordinary performance of the field.
German tanks were not matched by the first generation of Soviet.

piątek, 4 czerwca 2010

Apology

I'm sorry that I have written posts that have recently concerned almost exclusively T-34.
However, this is about the river, and every time when I could, I will refer to it, because it is an example of the universality and timelessness, and a model for many.

Timeless

The phenomenon of T-34 was using it for many countries long after the war.
Many Eastern European countries the army (later belonging to the Warsaw Pact) had T-34.
These tanks were used for suppression of uprising in East Germany 17 June 1953,
Like the Hungarian uprising in 1956.
They were also used in the Middle East,
in the Vietnam War, and
in the Bosnian war.
In May 1995, a Serbian T-34 attacked the UNPROFOR base, manned by twenty-first Regiment Royal Engineers in Bosnia, causing the Briton.
Croatia inherited twenty-five or thirty pieces of the former Yugoslavia, but shortly afterwards withdrew it from use. T-34 tanks were occasionally available in Afghanistan (it is not known whether they were used against coalition forces.)
Saddam Hussein had them in the Iraqi army in the early 90s Twentieth century
Several African countries, including Angola and Somalia, used the T-34/85 in recent years. Also seen during the Cuban T-34/85 Cuban military intervention in the civil war in Angola.

July 15, 1974 Force of the National Guard of Cyprus, with about thirty-five T-34/85 tanks, helped organize the Greek junta coup against the democratically elected president, Archbishop Makariosowi. Tanks were seen during extensive action against the Turkish forces during the so-called. Turkish invasion in July and August 1974, two important actions in Kion and Kyrenia July 20, 1974 [26].

China has produced T-34 known as Type 58, but production stopped in favor of the improved Type 59th A small number of vehicles T-34 has been observed in China as converted to fire engines.

Rotationator

Tank Renault FT-17 was constructed in 1917. This was the first tank of classic structure - typical of almost all constructed later to the present day tanks.
This structure was characterized by the crew compartment (the crew) on the front, armed with a turret and
driving compartment from the rear.
The tank was intended for infantry support, it developed a little speed.
Its small size, which is an advantage, cause some problems to overcome trenches and transzei, which sought to be countered by the "tail" - a special construction mounted on the back of the fuselage.

Produced a total of more than 3,800 tanks of this type.
FT-17 tanks have been widely used in the battles of the end of World War I, starting from their debut May 31, 1918.
Of the 2,697 tanks (produced during the war)
356 were destroyed by artillery,
13 by mines,
70 from other causes.
He was the most effective tank of World War I.

After the war, they were widely exported - were used in most countries with the armored troops, often as their first tanks.
Most of the tanks produced was still in service even at the outbreak of World War II, mainly in the French army, but then they were already obsolete.

Renault FT-17 tanks were also supplied the first of the Polish Army.
In 1919, General Haller's Polish Army in France, created a Tank Regiment, equipped with 120 FT-17.
The tank regiment in June 1919 along with General Haller, returned to Polish, with all its equipment. This gave Poland is likely to fourth place in the world in terms of the armored forces. Were then used in the Polish-Soviet war.
At the outbreak of World War II, the Polish army still had 102 tanks of this type. They were used in the composition of three light tank company (coaster) as well as armored draisines composed of armored trains.

During the Winter War between the Soviet Union and Finland, the Finnish army had about 30 tanks Renault FT-17. Of course, these obsolete Soviet tanks were resolved BT and T-26.

czwartek, 3 czerwca 2010

Christening in Asia

T-34/85 used in many countries of the former satellites and republics of the Soviet Union after World War II.
North Korea's invasion of the South in June 1950 led the full brigade equipped with about 120 vehicles T-34/85. I remember when we delivered them to the lumber, because Joseph wanted to get rid of defective copies. Koreans rejoiced like children at the sight of new toys, just to even know how to use them.
Additional T-34 was then joined to the first punch after a puncture to her from South Korea.
Fared with tanks
M24 Chaffee,
M4 Sherman and
M26 Pershing,
but not with Centurion tanks (MBT first) of the UN forces.
North Korean 105th Armoured Brigade, the elite, initially It related a number of victories over
South Korean infantry,
forces of Task Force Smith and
U.S. M24 light tanks.
Still used by the Americans six-inch bazookas of World War 2 were useless against the T-34 tanks.
North Korean T-34 machine had lost its momentum, when he encountered along the way-heavy American tanks and M26
-Air Force specializing in attacking ground targets and
-When the U.S. has improved its infantry anti-tank weapons to the 9-centimeter Super Bazooka, hastily thrown from the United States.
The war turned in favor of UN forces in August 1950, when our friends have suffered heavy losses in tanks in a series of battles, during which the USA's supply its new equipment.
Yankees landing in Inchonie (15 September) led to the intersection of North Korean supply lines.
Therefore, the Northern Koreans fled, and many T-34 and heavy equipment was. Until the North Korean troops escaped from the South, all of 239 tanks T-34 self-propelled guns and 74 SU-76 has been on the other side. After this event, rarely clashes with North Korean armored troops.

środa, 2 czerwca 2010

East vs West

I always liked competition machines that never had any fun to fight with each other. I would like to compare the T-34 and M4 Sherman.
Each of these tanks was the foundation of armored forces in their armies.
T-34 tank was the latest at the time when its production began, when Sherman became a participant in the war since the appearance in North Africa and the Pacific in 1942.
Both models have been upgraded and improved on a large scale throughout their life, getting new towers with more powerful cannons.
Both are designed for simplified manufacturing and maintenance of the sacrifice of performance.
None of them could match the German tanks: Panther and Tiger in the armor and the power of destruction.

These tanks were to serve primarily as infantry support.
The role of "anti-tank tank" was also important.
Production of German tanks was limited to a relatively small number of effective but complicated in the construction of vehicles by the fact switch to self-propelled guns.
Soviet decision to build a large number of tanks T-34, with gradual improving and simplifying its structure has proved the effectiveness of strategies that helped win World War II.

wtorek, 1 czerwca 2010

End of War

In recent years, the revised tactic of war, the Soviets were still worse than the Germans, but the increase in operational and strategic training of the Red Army and the larger number of tanks helped reduce losses.
The project gave the Red Army T-34/85 tank with more armor and mobility than the German
Panzer IV
Sturmgeschütz III.
The vehicle did not have the possibility of competing with Pantera or department, or armor. For the Soviet advantage was much smaller than the number of Panther T-34 and T-34/85 was good enough that the crew can adequately trained in various tactical situations tilt the balance in your page.

At the beginning of the war tanks T-34 accounted for only 4% of the Soviet arsenal czołgowego, but at the end of the war was already at least 55% of the mass production of Soviet tanks (based on a list of lists Żeltow even greater value.)
Until that time, when the T-34 replaced the older models and became available in large quantities
newer German tanks, such as improved
Pantera, had an advantage over him.